Last month Pam Busboom explained everything that is needed to make an international flight originating in the United States. In part two, she goes step-by-step on how to fill out all of the online paperwork.
Welcome back! Now that we’ve discussed what we need to make international flights with our private aircraft, let’s get started with how to get the rest of what’s required.
In this continuation of last month’s article, I’ll be walking you through exactly how to register on the three websites we need, and then how to use those websites to apply for your radio license documents, get enrolled with eAPIS and order your CPB decal.
Brace yourself: we are about to embark on a journey through government forms, applications, passwords and terminology.
Step one: Get your FRN from the FCC
First on the hit parade, we need to take care of getting our radio licenses. As you recall from last month, we need two separate documents—a Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit for you, and a Radio Station License for your aircraft. This can be managed through the FCC website, where our first step is to (ready?) register as a user.
The result of this registration will be that you get a unique 10-digit identification number called an FCC Registration Number (FRN). As far as the FCC is concerned, that number equals you.
To do this, go to the FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS) website at wireless.fcc.gov/uls/. There, you will see a number of selections, one of which says “new users.” Click here.
You are now on a second screen with several options. You can either look for public domain records, update an earlier registration (but you’ll need an FRN to do that) or—and this is what you want—you can click the Register button.
On the next screen you need to select registration as either a business or an individual (most of us will choose the latter) and verify that your contact address is in the United States. From here you are taken to a series of data entry screens that identify who you are and where you live.
You are also asked to type in a password that you will use and select a security question and answer. These will be used along with your FRN number to securely access the ULS site.
After completing the forms, you can click on the Submit button at the bottom of the page. If all is going well, the next screen will say, “Thank you for registering with the FCC.”
It will go on to say that as of the date and time you have been assigned FRN (xxxx). Your registration information will be displayed, and you will be urged to print the page for your records. Ta-da! You have successfully registered with the FCC.
Step two: Apply for a radio station license
To actually get your restricted radiotelephone operators’ permit (RR) and your aircraft radio station license (AC), you need to log on to the secure portion of the ULS website.
Go back to the website you were just using—wireless.fcc.gov/uls/—but this time, click on the second section, Online Filing. This will take you to the login screen where you type in your newly-acquired FCC registration number (FRN) and the password you selected. Click Submit, and you will be on the My Licenses section of the site.
If you are like me and can’t find that old paper copy of your Restricted Radio Operator’s License (see last month’s article), you will need to click Apply for a New License at the top of the left-hand side of the page. (This is also where you will start when we do this a second time to get your aircraft radio station license.)
The next screen asks what kind of service you need. To get both licenses, you must go through the process twice, one time selecting “RR” for the individual license, the second time selecting “AC” for the aircraft license.
After you’ve made your selection, you will be taken to a series of data entry screens that essentially capture all of the information requested on FCC Form 605. For your individual license, you fill out the main portion of the form only.
When you go back through and do the application for your aircraft station license, you fill out the main form again—this time with aircraft-specific information—and also fill out Schedule C, “Schedule for Additional Data for the Aircraft Radio Service (Part 87).”
Once you have filled out the form fields, you will be taken to the—wait for it—payment field. Yup, these documents are not free. For a new RR license, you will need to shell out $65, while the Aircraft Station License (AC) will set you back a whopping $165. If there is any silver lining, it is that the individual license is good for life and the aircraft station license is good for 10 years.
If you do have your old paper certificate (as Rich did) you can actually get that registered on the system and save yourself the $65. The process is more labor-intensive, however. In this instance, what you do is:
1. Call the FCC Licensing Support Center (1-877-480-3201) and explain that you have your old paper certificate.
2. Whoever you talk to will see if in fact you are registered in the electronic system. In all likelihood, you will not be.
3. If you are not, you will be requested to send your original paper certificate to the support center.
4. Once they get the paper certificate, they will manually enter it into the electronic database with the original issue date, and assign you (and it) an RR number on the database.
5. They will send back the original paper document along with your new RR. No fee is required.
This process saves you the $65, but it does take considerably longer: up to six weeks.
And, once you get the acknowledgement that your license has been added to the database, you still have to log onto the FCC site using the above-described process to associate the license to you as an individual (with a unique FRN) using the Administrative Update function.
So it is your call as to whether or not the extended process is worth it, but it is an option. Rich wanted to do it to retain his original registration date (Feb. 16, 1968!), and besides, he had me to worry about all the computer stuff. All in all, a win-win… for one of us.
The good news is that once you have the FCC registration set up and your licenses requested, you are good to go. With any luck at all, you won’t have to deal with this website again for at least 10 years.
Let’s check progress on our list. In part one (January 2016), we covered all the Pilot-in-Command requirements and all the passenger requirements; in part two, by taking care of the aircraft radio station license, we have now completed all the aircraft requirements.
Hooray! There may be just a small light glimmering at the end of this regulatory tunnel.
Do you need to refill that bracing beverage—perhaps with something a bit stronger? Do you need to take a brisk walk to clear your head? Do you want to step away from the computer to assure yourself that the real world and real sky are still out there waiting? By all means, do so, because next comes the U.S. Customs and Border Protection fun and games.
Step three: Become a registered user with eAPIS
The first stop on the U.S. Customs and Border Control (CBP) websites is registering to use the electronic Advance Passenger Information System (eAPIS).
This tool was developed in response to a rule passed by the Dept. of Homeland Security in 2008 requiring pilots of private aircraft to electronically submit a passenger/crew manifest of flight information at least 60 minutes prior to departure for flights either leaving or entering the United States. Usage of eAPIS became mandatory as of May 18, 2009.
In order to use eAPIS, you first need to register. Go to the eAPIS home page (eapis.cbp.dhs.gov/) and you will see two options: for enrolled users, a Login section; and for new eAPIS users, an Enroll section.
Click on Enroll to begin the registration process. After you click Agree to the government boilerplate, you will then have to choose to be either a commercial user or a private user. (Most of us will select Private.)
Hit Next, and you will be on a data entry screen that contains individual information, including the person who will be the point of contact regarding manifest submissions. You will also need to create a password. When you are done, hit Next.
The next screen is where you can review all your entries for accuracy. If everything looks good, hit Submit.
Once you have successfully submitted the enrollment application, you will receive an email with your sender ID and activation key. This confirmation email may come immediately, or it may take up to 24 hours to arrive.
After the email arrives, you need to go back to the eAPIS website and this time, use the information in your email to log in. You will enter your Sender ID and the password you selected into the designated boxes on the welcome page, and hit the Login button.
The first time you access the site, you will be required to enter the Activation Key provided in your email message; after that, just your ID and password will do.
At this point, congratulations are in order: you are now a registered user of eAPIS!
In the secure area of the website you will be on the Main Manifest Options page, which has three tabs for the basic eAPIS functions:
a) Traveler Options is the tab you will use most often and is where you will add and/or update pilot and crew information and submit your departure and arrival notices.
b) Manage Account is where you can modify your existing eAPIS account, password, etc.
c) Upload Manifest will only be used if you wish to upload manifest documents from elsewhere on your computer (trust me—for small planes it is easier to just use the traveler options section)
It makes sense to go ahead and fill in the pilot/crew information under Traveler Options. Click on Update or Create, which will take you to a screen where you can add information about the pilot and any other flight crew. (Rich and I entered data for both of us.)
Information you’ll input here includes name, address, date of birth, etc. You may also enter passport information and pilot certificate information.
Unlike passenger information, the pilot/crew information added will remain in the system for future use. You are now ready to use the system for your next international flight.
Step four: Order your CBP decal
Before we leave the Customs and Border Protection website, there is one other thing we need to do, and that is to get a customs decal. While you can do this by mail, it is easier and faster to use the website.
Interestingly enough, these decals are used on your aircraft to get back into the United States—they are not needed at your international destination. The decals are placed on all private aircraft (and private vessels) as proof that the user fee for entry into the United States has been paid. There is a fee of $27.50 for the decal and the decal is good for a single calendar year.
To order decals online, you first must register on the Decal/Transponder Online Procurement System (DTOPS). And yes, this is a different part of the website from where we were before to register for eAPIS.
Go to the web page at dtops.cbp.dhs.gov/. On this page, click New DTOPS User to begin the registration process.
The screens that follow will once again collect information and require you to select a password. Once you complete the data screens and hit Submit, you will get a screen with your new DTOPS User ID. Now you are ready to log onto the secure section of the site with your login credentials to order your customs decal.
Go back to the main page—dtops.cbp.dhs.gov—and this time enter your new DTOPS User ID and password under the Existing DTOPS User block. Once you are logged on, click on the Create/Manage Orders option on the top left portion of the screen. Next, select New User Fee for a new decal. On the next screen, select Private Aircraft. The next screen collects details about your airplane.
Once you submit this, you’ll see a screen telling you a new request has been generated. You then click back to the order page, and you will see the new request in the order list.
To complete the order, you click on Proceed to Checkout at the bottom of the page, which takes you to screens to complete the payment process. Be sure to print your order receipt.
Your decal should arrive in your mailbox within seven to 10 days. You are good to go until you need the next year’s decal. (In subsequent years, you can select Renewal on the order type page, which will save a few screens of data entry.)
The end of the list
I bet you despaired of ever getting to this point, but we have finally checked off all of the items on our “required for international flight” list. (Go ahead, pull out that dog-eared copy of last month’s article and check. Well and truly done!) It was just as labor-intensive as I warned, wasn’t it? But it is all behind you now.
File away those websites and passwords. The FCC one won’t be needed for a while (10 years!) but you will need the customs decal password every year, and the one for eAPIS every trip.
Now it is time to pack your bags! You are finally ready to take that first trip outside the borders of the United States. Where will you go? The Bahamas? Mexico? Canada?
Pick your destination, plan your flight with the ICAO flight plan, register your outbound and return flights with eAPIS, pack your required paperwork, and off you go. With proper planning—and the right pre-registration—the sky is not the limit!
FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS)
RR operator permit
FCC Form 605, Quick-Form Application for Authorization in the Ship, Aircraft, Amateur, Restricted
and Commercial Operator, and General Mobile Radio Services
Procurement System (DTOPS)
FAA ICAO Flight Planning Interface Reference Guide, version 2.1
FAA Flight Planning Information
FCC Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit (RR)