Texas Hill Country lies roughly in the geographic center of the state. It’s an area of rolling hills dotted with oak and cypress that includes of all or part of 25 counties. If you started in San Antonio and drew a line northeast to encompass Austin and Georgetown, then west around Llano Falls, followed the Llano River south and west toward Junction, then swung southeasterly to Kerrville and Bandera, past Boerne and finally returning to San Antonio, you’d have roughly circumscribed Hill Country.
Elevations in the area range from less than 1,000 feet in the south and eastern areas of the Hill Country and generally rise toward the north and west, to reach more than 2,500 feet in Schleicher and Kerr counties, with most areas ranging between 1,400 and 2,200 feet.
Part of Mexico until the Texas Revolution (the Republic of Texas was established after the final battle of the conflict on April 21, 1836), the culture of the Hill Country began changing when German Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels came to Texas in 1844 seeking suitable land on which his subjects could establish a colony. As the prince was a sport hunter instead of a farmer, he ignored the rich soils and flat terrain on the way up from where he debarked at Galveston and favored the rocky, wooded area north of San Antonio.
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